Here is a table that gives the latest PISA results in science, reading, and math.
The NYT highlighted Shanghai, Macao, and Hong Kong, individual cities within China. A number of people have pointed out that Shanghai, in particular, probably attracts some of the brightest students within China. I don’t think there is any way that American students would tolerate the extremely long hours and hard work that Chinese students put in.
Notice that I highlighted Finland. Finland used to score at extremely low levels on international tests like this, but has risen dramatically in the past few decades. But NOT by using any of the methods currently popular among the US Educational Deform movement. Instead, they do just about the opposite. See my previous blogs on that.