## James Tanton on the Math Common Core Standards

James Tanton is an experienced math teacher and educator of other teachers whom I respect a lot. Part of his take on math is that it should relate to the real world and it should be a joyful activity, because math is all around us if we care to look; if we do, it makes our lives better.  (My paraphrase of his general ideas, not a literal quote at all; but the way I expressed it, expresses my own personal thoughts on the topic. If you want to see examples of his work, I suggest you look at his site, . Again, I think he does excellent work, and I wish I could be one-fifth as original in my own teaching as he is.

In this video, Tanton gives his take on why the Common Core State Standards in math are actually a very good thing, not a bad thing at all, IF they are implemented correctly.

That “if” is a big one. Let us assume Tanton is right, that the CCSS in math (don’t know about any other subject) was written in a very thoughtful way and will promote these eight general concepts and practices in students towards math:

I’ll retype those for clarity:

• Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
• Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
• Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
• Model with mathematics
• Use appropriate tools strategically.
• Attend to precision.
• Look for and make use of structure.
• Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning

Those are, in fact, excellent ideals.

And those ‘Mathematical Practice’ goals you see above are, in fact, expressed better there than I recall having seen before in all my years of teaching math.

But — remember that “IF” clause? “If they are implemented correctly?”

As far as I can see, judging by what I see in mathematics classrooms in both charter and public schools in DC, it looks to me as if the worksheets and practice tests were written either by low-paid, low-skilled temps who have almost no experience in teaching math, or else were written by very clever and evil people who want to seriously dumb down the education of urban youth.

And, what’s more, those inequities are being primarily visited upon our poorest kids, especially [but not limited to] those of color.

Let me give examples, judging again by my own personal visits to schools in DC and what math teachers in DC tell me and what students of my acquaintance know tell me and show me (some of whom I have known for years).

What I see is that in the expensive private schools in DC, where there is no test-accountability on the part of the USDoEd, they are continuing to give a pretty good education, sometimes joyful and interesting, sometimes not, mostly depending on the individual math department members and the incoming ability levels and work ethics of the students they teach. Some of the departments use some pretty old textbooks because they prefer them to anything in print at this moment.

At the magnet high schools in DC, there is some pressure from the NCLB and RTTT testing mania, but since nearly all the students are already at or above grade level by any reasonable measurement, they can continue to teach.

However, at the regular, comprehensive high schools and at the middle and elementary school levels, I see that the curriculum is rigidly prescribed and regimented from above, in such a way that NONE of those eight laudable goals can possibly get implemented.

(1) Unbelievable number of typos and sloppy and incorrect problems (some of which I’ve been documenting on this blog) on centrally-produced tests and worksheets;

(2) Problems that are self-contradictory and involve huge amounts of difficult and confusing text;

(3) Large numbers of multiple-choice test items, which, in my considered professional opinion, can do almost nothing to promote any of those wonderful thought processes; nor do they give useful information to eachers about what the student does or does not understand;

(4) Requiring schools to spend an enormous fraction of their time on testing and test prep, thus preventing them from doing any open-ended investigations into math;

(5) Reliance on electronic on-line worksheets that are at times just as buggy as the worksheets;

(6) Loading teachers with so much time-consumiing but useless busy-work regarding data collection and entry and analysis that they have no time to actually read what the students wrote and drew — and believe it or not, it’s just as important in math as it is in any other class!

(7) Deep understanding is prevented because instead of going at a breakneck speed through umpteen standards a mile wide and an inch deep, it’s now 1.6 kilometers wide but only a couple of millimeters deep! (Get the joke?)

(8) And from what I see over time (30 years in DCPS and 5.5 years retired now), while I thought math instruction in some ways had improved from 1978 to the mid-2000s, it seems to have taken a real turn for the worse since Michelle Rhee and the then-head of the Washington Teachers’ Union, George Parker, along with AFT head Randy Weingarten and the heads of several large foundations (Walton family, an ENRON family, the Broads and one more), along with then-mayor Adrian Fenty and the blessing of Congress and the White House, were able to impose a weird settlement upon teachers which required them to teach to the many, many tests I’ve been complaining about for some time, in exchange for mythical bonuses amd high salaries that almost no teacher will be able to earn because they will be fired or burn out first.

##### My conclusions:

In mathematical logic, the word “if” is a really big deal.

And it looks to me as if the authorities in DC (both public and charter, with some exceptions as noted above) are NOT implementing the Common Core Standards correctly at all, because everything I see tells me that everything being done in the charter schools and in the public schools that serve poor or working-class kids in DC is in fact thwarting those laudable goals.

Remember what Tanton said, which I granted to him as being valid: If they implement the Math CCS standards correctly, then the results will be excellent.

Logicians say that when you have a sentence of the form  “If A. then B”, then it’s only false in the case where the “A” section is true and the “B” section is false. There are three other cases and they all have overall values of “true”. In particular, if the “A” part is false, it doesn’t matter whether B is true or not: the entire “if A then B” statement is true.

I maintain that the “A” part is false. So in one sense, whether the CCSStandards in math are as clearly- and as well-written as many math teachers think, it remains the case that even by their own standards, the idiots running the USDoE and the other billionaire education ‘reformers’ who think they know all the answers, are implementing it in a way as to subvert every single one of the laudable goals that are promoted by the CCSS themselves.

And that’s quite a trick.

It’s kind of like some of the absurdities in 1984 or recent world history: many regimes upholding the universal brotherhood of all working people while imprisoning, torturing, murdering or enslaving millions of said working people. I know it’s not nearly as bad, but this current situation sure is perverse.

So, what do you think? Believe it or not, there is a ‘comments’ button below this text, but it’s really tiny and you have to search for it.

Again, the link to Tanton’s video.

Published in: on January 9, 2015 at 1:34 pm  Comments (7)
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## Bob Schaeffer’s Weekly Roundup of Resistance to the Billionaires’ Educational League of Charlatans & Hucksters

I’ve been remiss on not posting Bob Schaeffer’s lists. We public school teachers, parents and students should remember that not all is lost. When enough folks fight back, we will win.

Here’s this week’s list from FairTest:

## With Common Core pilot-tests looming on the horizon, calls for a moratorium on the new assessments and a reduction in test volume, not another round of increases, are intensifying.

Common Core Assessments: The Next Phase of High-Stakes Testing

Advocates Press Gov. Cuomo for Common Core Testing Moratorium
http://www.poughkeepsiejournal.com/article/20140113/NEWS/301130023/Common-Core-concerns-directed-Cuomo

Fact Sheet: Why a Common Core Moratorium is Necessary
http://www.fairtest.org/common-core-assessments-factsheet

Massive Field-Testing Makes Thousands of Children Unpaid Common Core Guinea Pigs
http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/education/ct-more-testing-illinois-20140117,0,5307497,full.story

Maryland Schools Need \$100 Million Computer Upgrades to Administer New Common Core Exams
http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/education/blog/bs-md-technology-schools-20140116,0,6187986.story

Bill Seeks Suspension of 2014 Maryland State Tests
http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/education/blog/bs-md-msa-bill-20140114,0,5292378.story

Montgomery Super: Common Core Test Scores Should Not be Used to Judge Teachers

Virginia Republican State Legislators Join Democratic Governor and Public Majority to Support Testing Rollback
http://www.roanoke.com/news/virginia/article_e2a3a28a-7d99-11e3-8353-0019bb30f31a.html/

Suburban Richmond School Board Considers Assessment Reform Resolution
http://www.nbc12.com/story/24501112/virginia-school-board-members-called-to-support-sol-test-reform

Virginia Poll Finds Growing Voter Concern About Impact of Standardized Exam Overkill
http://www.cepi.vcu.edu/media/university-relations/cepi/pdfs/CEPI2013-14Poll-SOLandpolicyrelease-final.pdf

Florida Facing Challenge Over Student Testing
http://www.news-press.com/article/20140118/OPINION/301180011/Editorial-State-facing-challenge-over-student-testing

Super Allows Idaho Schools to Opt Out of Some Common Core Field Tests
http://www.idahopress.com/news/local/luna-agrees-to-compromise-on-common-core-testing/article_f03a68ca-7e25-11e3-bed4-0019bb2963f4.html

Louisiana Schools Need Millions More for Common Core Testing Computer Upgrades
http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2014/01/louisiana_schools_may_need_up.html#incart_river

Philadelphia Test-Cheating Scandal May Be Nation’s Largest
http://thenotebook.org/blog/146824/more-130-philly-educators-implicated-cheating

Minnesota Kindergarten: Too Many Tests; No Time to Play
http://www.tcdailyplanet.net/news/2014/01/15/kindergarten-teacher-too-many-tests-no-time-play

Coloradans Say “No” to High-Stakes Testing with Highway Billboard
http://susanohanian.org/show_nclb_cartoons.php?id=1000

More Parents Resist Standardized Tests

New York Could Lead National Away From School Testing Fixation
http://www.wnyc.org/story/opinion-nyc-school-system-critical-tipping-point/

Former Charter School Teacher Reveals Program’s Test-Prep Fixation
http://www.schoolsmatter.info/2014/01/full-interview-with-former-charter.html

http://takingnote.learningmatters.tv/?p=6730

Diane Ravitch Faults Culture of Tests
http://www.lohud.com/article/20140116/NEWS02/301160100/Ravitch-faults-culture-tests

The Beginning of an End to Sanction-Driven Education?
http://educationopportunitynetwork.org/the-beginning-of-an-end-to-sanction-driven-education/

NCLB 12th Anniversary: Lake Wobegon is Finally Here
http://www.forumforeducation.org/blog/its-finally-here

Education Bills Languish in Congress
http://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2014/01/15/17congress_ep.h33.html

Bob Schaeffer, Public Education Director
FairTest: National Center for Fair & Open Testing
office-   (239) 395-6773   fax  (239) 395-6779
mobile- (239) 699-0468
web- http://www.fairtest.org

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## Random thoughts from a New York superintendent of schools

this is from the blog of Jere Hochman

Random Thoughts on Ed Reform

1. The word “education” does not appear in the Constitution but education is all about the Constitution
2. Don’t blame high expectations and standards for high-stakes and excessive testing
3. High-stakes test scores and ranking teachers are a politician’s low-hanging fruit
4. Charter and voucher advocates convince themselves they are addressing civil rights
6. Campaign managers love test scores, anything that can be counted and saying words like “STEM” and “accountability”
7. School funding formulae (and some people’s opinions about education) developed before Brown v. Board of Education, Title IX, PL 94-142 / IDEA, and Plyler v. Doe should be abolished and rewritten
8. The war on poverty was so 20th century (except for a decade that will remain nameless)
9. Not one State or federal reform plan has taken serious, substantive, comprehensive, sustainable action on Readiness for Kindergarten
10. “Why did TFA let its mission become a business model?” (or there was a reason the Peace Corps did not pretend to be Doctors Without Borders)
11. Those in ivory towers, State houses, and on the Beltway (even when they get it right) just don’t get implementation (I know, I know. Some would add “district offices” to that list).
12. Some privatizers are afraid kids may learn to think and shape their own opinions so they wait for “gotcha” moments, malign teachers and public schools, and never let go
13. Those envious of China do not understand (or accept) why China is envious of American education
14. How ironic that some educators are stuck in the 20th century factory thinking while reformers and critics ignore 20th century inclusion and access
15. There’s nothing wrong with 6th Century B.C.E. skills (eg. Socratic Seminar)
16. Reform as it is being played out is the real “soft bigotry of low expectations”

Published in: on August 9, 2013 at 10:42 am  Comments (1)
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